LLVM 19.0.0git
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1//===- CodeGenCommonISel.h - Common code between ISels ---------*- C++ -*--===//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
9// This file declares common utilities that are shared between SelectionDAG and
10// GlobalISel frameworks.
18#include <cassert>
19namespace llvm {
21class BasicBlock;
24/// Encapsulates all of the information needed to generate a stack protector
25/// check, and signals to isel when initialized that one needs to be generated.
27/// *NOTE* The following is a high level documentation of SelectionDAG Stack
28/// Protector Generation. This is now also ported be shared with GlobalISel,
29/// but without any significant changes.
31/// High Level Overview of ISel Stack Protector Generation:
33/// Previously, the "stack protector" IR pass handled stack protector
34/// generation. This necessitated splitting basic blocks at the IR level to
35/// create the success/failure basic blocks in the tail of the basic block in
36/// question. As a result of this, calls that would have qualified for the
37/// sibling call optimization were no longer eligible for optimization since
38/// said calls were no longer right in the "tail position" (i.e. the immediate
39/// predecessor of a ReturnInst instruction).
41/// Since the sibling call optimization causes the callee to reuse the caller's
42/// stack, if we could delay the generation of the stack protector check until
43/// later in CodeGen after the sibling call decision was made, we get both the
44/// tail call optimization and the stack protector check!
46/// A few goals in solving this problem were:
48/// 1. Preserve the architecture independence of stack protector generation.
50/// 2. Preserve the normal IR level stack protector check for platforms like
51/// OpenBSD for which we support platform-specific stack protector
52/// generation.
54/// The main problem that guided the present solution is that one can not
55/// solve this problem in an architecture independent manner at the IR level
56/// only. This is because:
58/// 1. The decision on whether or not to perform a sibling call on certain
59/// platforms (for instance i386) requires lower level information
60/// related to available registers that can not be known at the IR level.
62/// 2. Even if the previous point were not true, the decision on whether to
63/// perform a tail call is done in LowerCallTo in SelectionDAG (or
64/// CallLowering in GlobalISel) which occurs after the Stack Protector
65/// Pass. As a result, one would need to put the relevant callinst into the
66/// stack protector check success basic block (where the return inst is
67/// placed) and then move it back later at ISel/MI time before the
68/// stack protector check if the tail call optimization failed. The MI
69/// level option was nixed immediately since it would require
70/// platform-specific pattern matching. The ISel level option was
71/// nixed because SelectionDAG only processes one IR level basic block at a
72/// time implying one could not create a DAG Combine to move the callinst.
74/// To get around this problem:
76/// 1. SelectionDAG can only process one block at a time, we can generate
77/// multiple machine basic blocks for one IR level basic block.
78/// This is how we handle bit tests and switches.
80/// 2. At the MI level, tail calls are represented via a special return
81/// MIInst called "tcreturn". Thus if we know the basic block in which we
82/// wish to insert the stack protector check, we get the correct behavior
83/// by always inserting the stack protector check right before the return
84/// statement. This is a "magical transformation" since no matter where
85/// the stack protector check intrinsic is, we always insert the stack
86/// protector check code at the end of the BB.
88/// Given the aforementioned constraints, the following solution was devised:
90/// 1. On platforms that do not support ISel stack protector check
91/// generation, allow for the normal IR level stack protector check
92/// generation to continue.
94/// 2. On platforms that do support ISel stack protector check
95/// generation:
97/// a. Use the IR level stack protector pass to decide if a stack
98/// protector is required/which BB we insert the stack protector check
99/// in by reusing the logic already therein.
101/// b. After we finish selecting the basic block, we produce the validation
102/// code with one of these techniques:
103/// 1) with a call to a guard check function
104/// 2) with inlined instrumentation
106/// 1) We insert a call to the check function before the terminator.
108/// 2) We first find a splice point in the parent basic block
109/// before the terminator and then splice the terminator of said basic
110/// block into the success basic block. Then we code-gen a new tail for
111/// the parent basic block consisting of the two loads, the comparison,
112/// and finally two branches to the success/failure basic blocks. We
113/// conclude by code-gening the failure basic block if we have not
114/// code-gened it already (all stack protector checks we generate in
115/// the same function, use the same failure basic block).
120 /// Returns true if all fields of the stack protector descriptor are
121 /// initialized implying that we should/are ready to emit a stack protector.
123 return ParentMBB && SuccessMBB && FailureMBB;
124 }
127 return ParentMBB && !SuccessMBB && !FailureMBB;
128 }
130 /// Initialize the stack protector descriptor structure for a new basic
131 /// block.
133 bool FunctionBasedInstrumentation) {
134 // Make sure we are not initialized yet.
135 assert(!shouldEmitStackProtector() && "Stack Protector Descriptor is "
136 "already initialized!");
137 ParentMBB = MBB;
138 if (!FunctionBasedInstrumentation) {
139 SuccessMBB = addSuccessorMBB(BB, MBB, /* IsLikely */ true);
140 FailureMBB = addSuccessorMBB(BB, MBB, /* IsLikely */ false, FailureMBB);
141 }
142 }
144 /// Reset state that changes when we handle different basic blocks.
145 ///
146 /// This currently includes:
147 ///
148 /// 1. The specific basic block we are generating a
149 /// stack protector for (ParentMBB).
150 ///
151 /// 2. The successor machine basic block that will contain the tail of
152 /// parent mbb after we create the stack protector check (SuccessMBB). This
153 /// BB is visited only on stack protector check success.
155 ParentMBB = nullptr;
156 SuccessMBB = nullptr;
157 }
159 /// Reset state that only changes when we switch functions.
160 ///
161 /// This currently includes:
162 ///
163 /// 1. FailureMBB since we reuse the failure code path for all stack
164 /// protector checks created in an individual function.
165 ///
166 /// 2.The guard variable since the guard variable we are checking against is
167 /// always the same.
168 void resetPerFunctionState() { FailureMBB = nullptr; }
170 MachineBasicBlock *getParentMBB() { return ParentMBB; }
171 MachineBasicBlock *getSuccessMBB() { return SuccessMBB; }
172 MachineBasicBlock *getFailureMBB() { return FailureMBB; }
175 /// The basic block for which we are generating the stack protector.
176 ///
177 /// As a result of stack protector generation, we will splice the
178 /// terminators of this basic block into the successor mbb SuccessMBB and
179 /// replace it with a compare/branch to the successor mbbs
180 /// SuccessMBB/FailureMBB depending on whether or not the stack protector
181 /// was violated.
182 MachineBasicBlock *ParentMBB = nullptr;
184 /// A basic block visited on stack protector check success that contains the
185 /// terminators of ParentMBB.
186 MachineBasicBlock *SuccessMBB = nullptr;
188 /// This basic block visited on stack protector check failure that will
189 /// contain a call to __stack_chk_fail().
190 MachineBasicBlock *FailureMBB = nullptr;
192 /// Add a successor machine basic block to ParentMBB. If the successor mbb
193 /// has not been created yet (i.e. if SuccMBB = 0), then the machine basic
194 /// block will be created. Assign a large weight if IsLikely is true.
195 MachineBasicBlock *addSuccessorMBB(const BasicBlock *BB,
196 MachineBasicBlock *ParentMBB,
197 bool IsLikely,
198 MachineBasicBlock *SuccMBB = nullptr);
201/// Find the split point at which to splice the end of BB into its success stack
202/// protector check machine basic block.
204/// On many platforms, due to ABI constraints, terminators, even before register
205/// allocation, use physical registers. This creates an issue for us since
206/// physical registers at this point can not travel across basic
207/// blocks. Luckily, selectiondag always moves physical registers into vregs
208/// when they enter functions and moves them through a sequence of copies back
209/// into the physical registers right before the terminator creating a
210/// ``Terminator Sequence''. This function is searching for the beginning of the
211/// terminator sequence so that we can ensure that we splice off not just the
212/// terminator, but additionally the copies that move the vregs into the
213/// physical registers.
215findSplitPointForStackProtector(MachineBasicBlock *BB,
216 const TargetInstrInfo &TII);
218/// Evaluates if the specified FP class test is better performed as the inverse
219/// (i.e. fewer instructions should be required to lower it). An example is the
220/// test "inf|normal|subnormal|zero", which is an inversion of "nan".
221/// \param Test The test as specified in 'is_fpclass' intrinsic invocation.
222/// \returns The inverted test, or fcNone, if inversion does not produce a
223/// simpler test.
226/// Assuming the instruction \p MI is going to be deleted, attempt to salvage
227/// debug users of \p MI by writing the effect of \p MI in a DIExpression.
228void salvageDebugInfoForDbgValue(const MachineRegisterInfo &MRI,
229 MachineInstr &MI,
230 ArrayRef<MachineOperand *> DbgUsers);
232} // namespace llvm
unsigned const MachineRegisterInfo * MRI
MachineBasicBlock & MBB
const HexagonInstrInfo * TII
IRTranslator LLVM IR MI
assert(ImpDefSCC.getReg()==AMDGPU::SCC &&ImpDefSCC.isDef())
LLVM Basic Block Representation.
Definition: BasicBlock.h:60
MachineInstrBundleIterator< MachineInstr > iterator
Encapsulates all of the information needed to generate a stack protector check, and signals to isel w...
void initialize(const BasicBlock *BB, MachineBasicBlock *MBB, bool FunctionBasedInstrumentation)
Initialize the stack protector descriptor structure for a new basic block.
MachineBasicBlock * getSuccessMBB()
void resetPerBBState()
Reset state that changes when we handle different basic blocks.
void resetPerFunctionState()
Reset state that only changes when we switch functions.
MachineBasicBlock * getFailureMBB()
MachineBasicBlock * getParentMBB()
bool shouldEmitStackProtector() const
Returns true if all fields of the stack protector descriptor are initialized implying that we should/...
bool shouldEmitFunctionBasedCheckStackProtector() const
@ BasicBlock
Various leaf nodes.
Definition: ISDOpcodes.h:71
This is an optimization pass for GlobalISel generic memory operations.
Definition: AddressRanges.h:18
FPClassTest invertFPClassTestIfSimpler(FPClassTest Test)
Evaluates if the specified FP class test is better performed as the inverse (i.e.
MachineBasicBlock::iterator findSplitPointForStackProtector(MachineBasicBlock *BB, const TargetInstrInfo &TII)
Find the split point at which to splice the end of BB into its success stack protector check machine ...
Floating-point class tests, supported by 'is_fpclass' intrinsic.
void salvageDebugInfoForDbgValue(const MachineRegisterInfo &MRI, MachineInstr &MI, ArrayRef< MachineOperand * > DbgUsers)
Assuming the instruction MI is going to be deleted, attempt to salvage debug users of MI by writing t...