LLVM  15.0.0git
RegisterClassInfo.cpp
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1 //===- RegisterClassInfo.cpp - Dynamic Register Class Info ----------------===//
2 //
3 // Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4 // See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5 // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6 //
7 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8 //
9 // This file implements the RegisterClassInfo class which provides dynamic
10 // information about target register classes. Callee-saved vs. caller-saved and
11 // reserved registers depend on calling conventions and other dynamic
12 // information, so some things cannot be determined statically.
13 //
14 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
15 
17 #include "llvm/ADT/ArrayRef.h"
18 #include "llvm/ADT/BitVector.h"
19 #include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
24 #include "llvm/MC/MCRegisterInfo.h"
26 #include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
28 #include <algorithm>
29 #include <cassert>
30 #include <cstdint>
31 
32 using namespace llvm;
33 
34 #define DEBUG_TYPE "regalloc"
35 
36 static cl::opt<unsigned>
37 StressRA("stress-regalloc", cl::Hidden, cl::init(0), cl::value_desc("N"),
38  cl::desc("Limit all regclasses to N registers"));
39 
41 
43  bool Update = false;
44  MF = &mf;
45 
46  // Allocate new array the first time we see a new target.
47  if (MF->getSubtarget().getRegisterInfo() != TRI) {
48  TRI = MF->getSubtarget().getRegisterInfo();
49  RegClass.reset(new RCInfo[TRI->getNumRegClasses()]);
50  Update = true;
51  }
52 
53  // Does this MF have different CSRs?
54  assert(TRI && "no register info set");
55 
56  // Get the callee saved registers.
57  const MCPhysReg *CSR = MF->getRegInfo().getCalleeSavedRegs();
58  if (Update || CSR != CalleeSavedRegs) {
59  // Build a CSRAlias map. Every CSR alias saves the last
60  // overlapping CSR.
61  CalleeSavedAliases.assign(TRI->getNumRegs(), 0);
62  for (const MCPhysReg *I = CSR; *I; ++I)
63  for (MCRegAliasIterator AI(*I, TRI, true); AI.isValid(); ++AI)
64  CalleeSavedAliases[*AI] = *I;
65 
66  Update = true;
67  }
68  CalleeSavedRegs = CSR;
69 
70  RegCosts = TRI->getRegisterCosts(*MF);
71 
72  // Different reserved registers?
73  const BitVector &RR = MF->getRegInfo().getReservedRegs();
74  if (Reserved.size() != RR.size() || RR != Reserved) {
75  Update = true;
76  Reserved = RR;
77  }
78 
79  // Invalidate cached information from previous function.
80  if (Update) {
81  unsigned NumPSets = TRI->getNumRegPressureSets();
82  PSetLimits.reset(new unsigned[NumPSets]);
83  std::fill(&PSetLimits[0], &PSetLimits[NumPSets], 0);
84  ++Tag;
85  }
86 }
87 
88 /// compute - Compute the preferred allocation order for RC with reserved
89 /// registers filtered out. Volatile registers come first followed by CSR
90 /// aliases ordered according to the CSR order specified by the target.
91 void RegisterClassInfo::compute(const TargetRegisterClass *RC) const {
92  assert(RC && "no register class given");
93  RCInfo &RCI = RegClass[RC->getID()];
94  auto &STI = MF->getSubtarget();
95 
96  // Raw register count, including all reserved regs.
97  unsigned NumRegs = RC->getNumRegs();
98 
99  if (!RCI.Order)
100  RCI.Order.reset(new MCPhysReg[NumRegs]);
101 
102  unsigned N = 0;
104  uint8_t MinCost = uint8_t(~0u);
105  uint8_t LastCost = uint8_t(~0u);
106  unsigned LastCostChange = 0;
107 
108  // FIXME: Once targets reserve registers instead of removing them from the
109  // allocation order, we can simply use begin/end here.
110  ArrayRef<MCPhysReg> RawOrder = RC->getRawAllocationOrder(*MF);
111  for (unsigned PhysReg : RawOrder) {
112  // Remove reserved registers from the allocation order.
113  if (Reserved.test(PhysReg))
114  continue;
115  uint8_t Cost = RegCosts[PhysReg];
116  MinCost = std::min(MinCost, Cost);
117 
118  if (CalleeSavedAliases[PhysReg] &&
119  !STI.ignoreCSRForAllocationOrder(*MF, PhysReg))
120  // PhysReg aliases a CSR, save it for later.
121  CSRAlias.push_back(PhysReg);
122  else {
123  if (Cost != LastCost)
124  LastCostChange = N;
125  RCI.Order[N++] = PhysReg;
126  LastCost = Cost;
127  }
128  }
129  RCI.NumRegs = N + CSRAlias.size();
130  assert(RCI.NumRegs <= NumRegs && "Allocation order larger than regclass");
131 
132  // CSR aliases go after the volatile registers, preserve the target's order.
133  for (unsigned i = 0, e = CSRAlias.size(); i != e; ++i) {
134  unsigned PhysReg = CSRAlias[i];
135  uint8_t Cost = RegCosts[PhysReg];
136  if (Cost != LastCost)
137  LastCostChange = N;
138  RCI.Order[N++] = PhysReg;
139  LastCost = Cost;
140  }
141 
142  // Register allocator stress test. Clip register class to N registers.
143  if (StressRA && RCI.NumRegs > StressRA)
144  RCI.NumRegs = StressRA;
145 
146  // Check if RC is a proper sub-class.
147  if (const TargetRegisterClass *Super =
148  TRI->getLargestLegalSuperClass(RC, *MF))
149  if (Super != RC && getNumAllocatableRegs(Super) > RCI.NumRegs)
150  RCI.ProperSubClass = true;
151 
152  RCI.MinCost = MinCost;
153  RCI.LastCostChange = LastCostChange;
154 
155  LLVM_DEBUG({
156  dbgs() << "AllocationOrder(" << TRI->getRegClassName(RC) << ") = [";
157  for (unsigned I = 0; I != RCI.NumRegs; ++I)
158  dbgs() << ' ' << printReg(RCI.Order[I], TRI);
159  dbgs() << (RCI.ProperSubClass ? " ] (sub-class)\n" : " ]\n");
160  });
161 
162  // RCI is now up-to-date.
163  RCI.Tag = Tag;
164 }
165 
166 /// This is not accurate because two overlapping register sets may have some
167 /// nonoverlapping reserved registers. However, computing the allocation order
168 /// for all register classes would be too expensive.
169 unsigned RegisterClassInfo::computePSetLimit(unsigned Idx) const {
170  const TargetRegisterClass *RC = nullptr;
171  unsigned NumRCUnits = 0;
172  for (const TargetRegisterClass *C : TRI->regclasses()) {
173  const int *PSetID = TRI->getRegClassPressureSets(C);
174  for (; *PSetID != -1; ++PSetID) {
175  if ((unsigned)*PSetID == Idx)
176  break;
177  }
178  if (*PSetID == -1)
179  continue;
180 
181  // Found a register class that counts against this pressure set.
182  // For efficiency, only compute the set order for the largest set.
183  unsigned NUnits = TRI->getRegClassWeight(C).WeightLimit;
184  if (!RC || NUnits > NumRCUnits) {
185  RC = C;
186  NumRCUnits = NUnits;
187  }
188  }
189  assert(RC && "Failed to find register class");
190  compute(RC);
191  unsigned NAllocatableRegs = getNumAllocatableRegs(RC);
192  unsigned RegPressureSetLimit = TRI->getRegPressureSetLimit(*MF, Idx);
193  // If all the regs are reserved, return raw RegPressureSetLimit.
194  // One example is VRSAVERC in PowerPC.
195  // Avoid returning zero, getRegPressureSetLimit(Idx) assumes computePSetLimit
196  // return non-zero value.
197  if (NAllocatableRegs == 0)
198  return RegPressureSetLimit;
199  unsigned NReserved = RC->getNumRegs() - NAllocatableRegs;
200  return RegPressureSetLimit - TRI->getRegClassWeight(RC).RegWeight * NReserved;
201 }
i
i
Definition: README.txt:29
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getLargestLegalSuperClass
virtual const TargetRegisterClass * getLargestLegalSuperClass(const TargetRegisterClass *RC, const MachineFunction &) const
Returns the largest super class of RC that is legal to use in the current sub-target and has the same...
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:786
llvm::TargetRegisterClass::getID
unsigned getID() const
Return the register class ID number.
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:70
llvm
This is an optimization pass for GlobalISel generic memory operations.
Definition: AddressRanges.h:17
llvm::SmallVector
This is a 'vector' (really, a variable-sized array), optimized for the case when the array is small.
Definition: SmallVector.h:1185
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getRegisterCosts
ArrayRef< uint8_t > getRegisterCosts(const MachineFunction &MF) const
Get a list of cost values for all registers that correspond to the index returned by RegisterCostTabl...
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:351
llvm::MCRegisterInfo::getNumRegs
unsigned getNumRegs() const
Return the number of registers this target has (useful for sizing arrays holding per register informa...
Definition: MCRegisterInfo.h:491
RegisterClassInfo.h
llvm::TargetSubtargetInfo::getRegisterInfo
virtual const TargetRegisterInfo * getRegisterInfo() const
getRegisterInfo - If register information is available, return it.
Definition: TargetSubtargetInfo.h:125
llvm::cl::Hidden
@ Hidden
Definition: CommandLine.h:139
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getRegPressureSetLimit
virtual unsigned getRegPressureSetLimit(const MachineFunction &MF, unsigned Idx) const =0
Get the register unit pressure limit for this dimension.
LLVM_DEBUG
#define LLVM_DEBUG(X)
Definition: Debug.h:101
MachineRegisterInfo.h
llvm::dbgs
raw_ostream & dbgs()
dbgs() - This returns a reference to a raw_ostream for debugging messages.
Definition: Debug.cpp:163
CommandLine.h
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MachineRegisterInfo & getRegInfo()
getRegInfo - Return information about the registers currently in use.
Definition: MachineFunction.h:650
llvm::RegisterClassInfo::RegisterClassInfo
RegisterClassInfo()
C
(vector float) vec_cmpeq(*A, *B) C
Definition: README_ALTIVEC.txt:86
llvm::BitVector::size
size_type size() const
size - Returns the number of bits in this bitvector.
Definition: BitVector.h:152
llvm::TargetRegisterClass::getRawAllocationOrder
ArrayRef< MCPhysReg > getRawAllocationOrder(const MachineFunction &MF) const
Returns the preferred order for allocating registers from this register class in MF.
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:198
llvm::TargetRegisterClass
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:45
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getRegClassPressureSets
virtual const int * getRegClassPressureSets(const TargetRegisterClass *RC) const =0
Get the dimensions of register pressure impacted by this register class.
BitVector.h
llvm::BitVector
Definition: BitVector.h:75
llvm::RegisterClassInfo::getNumAllocatableRegs
unsigned getNumAllocatableRegs(const TargetRegisterClass *RC) const
getNumAllocatableRegs - Returns the number of actually allocatable registers in RC in the current fun...
Definition: RegisterClassInfo.h:91
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::regclasses
iterator_range< regclass_iterator > regclasses() const
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:738
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const TargetSubtargetInfo & getSubtarget() const
getSubtarget - Return the subtarget for which this machine code is being compiled.
Definition: MachineFunction.h:640
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Definition: CommandLine.h:1392
llvm::RegisterClassInfo::runOnMachineFunction
void runOnMachineFunction(const MachineFunction &MF)
runOnFunction - Prepare to answer questions about MF.
Definition: RegisterClassInfo.cpp:42
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getRegClassName
const char * getRegClassName(const TargetRegisterClass *Class) const
Returns the name of the register class.
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:754
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constexpr double e
Definition: MathExtras.h:57
llvm::MachineRegisterInfo::getCalleeSavedRegs
const MCPhysReg * getCalleeSavedRegs() const
Returns list of callee saved registers.
Definition: MachineRegisterInfo.cpp:617
I
#define I(x, y, z)
Definition: MD5.cpp:58
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getNumRegPressureSets
virtual unsigned getNumRegPressureSets() const =0
Get the number of dimensions of register pressure.
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initializer< Ty > init(const Ty &Val)
Definition: CommandLine.h:432
MCRegisterInfo.h
ArrayRef.h
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assert(ImpDefSCC.getReg()==AMDGPU::SCC &&ImpDefSCC.isDef())
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Definition: MachineFunction.h:241
llvm::RegClassWeight::RegWeight
unsigned RegWeight
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:222
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ArrayRef - Represent a constant reference to an array (0 or more elements consecutively in memory),...
Definition: APInt.h:32
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Expected< ExpressionValue > min(const ExpressionValue &Lhs, const ExpressionValue &Rhs)
Definition: FileCheck.cpp:357
TargetSubtargetInfo.h
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unsigned WeightLimit
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:223
llvm::MachineRegisterInfo::getReservedRegs
const BitVector & getReservedRegs() const
getReservedRegs - Returns a reference to the frozen set of reserved registers.
Definition: MachineRegisterInfo.h:914
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bool test(unsigned Idx) const
Definition: BitVector.h:454
llvm::TargetRegisterClass::getNumRegs
unsigned getNumRegs() const
Return the number of registers in this class.
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:78
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Definition: CommandLine.h:414
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getNumRegClasses
unsigned getNumRegClasses() const
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.h:742
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bool isValid() const
Definition: MCRegisterInfo.h:813
llvm::RegisterClassInfo::computePSetLimit
unsigned computePSetLimit(unsigned Idx) const
This is not accurate because two overlapping register sets may have some nonoverlapping reserved regi...
Definition: RegisterClassInfo.cpp:169
SmallVector.h
N
#define N
llvm::TargetRegisterInfo::getRegClassWeight
virtual const RegClassWeight & getRegClassWeight(const TargetRegisterClass *RC) const =0
Get the weight in units of pressure for this register class.
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static cl::opt< unsigned > StressRA("stress-regalloc", cl::Hidden, cl::init(0), cl::value_desc("N"), cl::desc("Limit all regclasses to N registers"))
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Definition: CommandLine.h:405
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Printable printReg(Register Reg, const TargetRegisterInfo *TRI=nullptr, unsigned SubIdx=0, const MachineRegisterInfo *MRI=nullptr)
Prints virtual and physical registers with or without a TRI instance.
Definition: TargetRegisterInfo.cpp:111
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MCRegAliasIterator enumerates all registers aliasing Reg.
Definition: MCRegisterInfo.h:788